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A conduction calorimeter where the sample is pressed between two identical heat fluxmeters, each having 50 chromel–constantan thermocouples, is described. The fluxmeters were built to obtain linear heat conduction and with enough rigidity to apply a controlled uniaxial stress on the sample. The method of measurement, together with the fact that the sensors themselves apply the stress to the sample, allow us to obtain absolute values of the specific heat. The specific heat of strontium titanate ferroelastic crystal is measured without stress and under an applied uniaxial stress on the face (110). The measurements were carried out while cooling the sample at a constant rate of 0.06 K/h. The data obtained at intervals of 0.02 K are compared with those obtained with an unannealed and an annealed sample, respectively. © 1995 American Institute of Physics.