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Measurement of the Seebeck coefficient by an ac technique: Application to high‐temperature superconductors

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3 Author(s)
Aubin, M. ; Département de Physique and Centre de Recherche en Physique du Solide, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec J1K 2R1, Canada ; Ghamlouch, H. ; Fournier, P.

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We report on a sensitive and reliable ac technique to measure the Seebeck coefficient S of materials, in particular of high Tc superconductors. The small temperature difference between the ends of the sample allows structure in the S(T) curve to be observed. This technique avoids the creation of a component proportional to dS/dT in the measured signal. Such a component has in the past led to erroneous conclusions regarding the high‐temperature superconductor YBCO. A mathematical analysis shows the origin of this component and how it can be avoided. These predictions are confirmed by experiments on a YBCO single crystal.

Published in:

Review of Scientific Instruments  (Volume:64 ,  Issue: 10 )