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X‐ray standing waves and x‐ray photoemission measurements in the energy range 2.7–7 keV

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3 Author(s)
Drube, W. ; Hamburger Synchrotronstrahlungslabor HASYLAB at DESY, Notkestrasse 85, D‐2000 Hamburg 52, Germany ; Lessmann, A. ; Materlik, G.

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A versatile experimental setup is presented for both x‐ray standing waves (XSW) and x‐ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS) studies in an energy range up to 7 keV. The compact apparatus operates under ultrahigh vacuum and includes in situ sample preparation and characterization techniques. For the XSW scans the incident photon energy is tuned through the Bragg reflection from the sample for ΘB ≊ 90° while measuring the intensity and energy distributions of both the emitted electrons and fluorescence radiation simultaneously. Alternatively, desorbing positive ions can be analyzed as a function of the standing wave phase shift using a time‐of‐flight spectrometer. In addition, energy dependent high‐energy XPS measurements with medium overall energy resolution (ΔE=1.5 eV at 3 keV) can be performed. Selected results obtained at the focused EXAFS II beamline of HASYLAB are shown.

Published in:

Review of Scientific Instruments  (Volume:63 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

Jan 1992

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