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An ASIC Front End for Planar High-Frequency Contactless Inductive Position Sensors

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2 Author(s)
Mohamad Rahal ; Dept. of Electron. & Electr. Eng., Univ. Coll. London, London, UK ; Andreas Demosthenous

We describe an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) front end for readout and control of planar high-frequency contactless inductive position sensors that contain transmitter and receiver coils on a fixed printed circuit board and a moving passive resonant target. Such an inductive position sensor suffers from transmitter-to-receiver signal coupling, which can result in a phase-sensitive offset; hence, an error in the position measurement occurs. For the receiver front end, we consider two analog synchronous mixer demodulators, which we call mixer-1 and mixer-2, and analyze their ability to reject phase-sensitive offsets due to transmitter signal breakthrough. The mathematical analysis is validated with measured results from the fabricated ASIC in a 0.35-mum CMOS process technology. The ASIC front end contains the transmitter driver, the two receiver mixer variants, a frequency divider/shifter, and an amplifier low-pass filter. Measurements from five ASIC samples connected to the sensor show that, with a system gain of 320, the average output offset variation with phase difference from -99 to +117deg is more than 237 mV with mixer-1 compared to less than 7 mV with mixer-2.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 9 )