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A numerical method for the analysis of the fields in highly oversized waveguides is proposed in this paper. This method allows the simulation of the fields on waveguide walls with arbitrary surface deformations in the case that the waveguide is highly oversized, and the wall deformations are shallow and smooth. Combined with the analysis method, an algorithm has been developed for synthesizing the waveguide wall to provide a desired field distribution. As an example, a 309.6-mm-long waveguide launcher has been designed for a 170-GHz coaxial-cavity gyrotron to transform the TE34,19 cavity mode to a fundamental Gaussian distribution. An efficiency of transformation to the desired fundamental Gaussian mode of 96.3% has been obtained at the launcher aperture, whereas the transformation efficiency is just 86% using a conventional dimpled-wall launcher with a length of 660 mm.