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Dielectric, piezoelectric, and ferroelectric properties of MnCO3-added 74(Bi1/2Na}1/2) TiO3-20.8(Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3-5.2BaTiO3 lead-free piezoelectric ceramics

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4 Author(s)
Hanchen Hu ; Coll. of Mater. Sci. & Eng., Beijing Univ. of Technol., Beijing, China ; Zhu, Mankang ; Hou, Yudong ; Yan, Hui

74(Bi1/2Na1/2)TiO{i3}-20.8(Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3-5.2BaTiO3-x MnCO3 lead-free piezoelectric ceramics were synthesized by conventional solid oxide routine. The tetragonal 74(Bi1/2Na1/2)TiO3-20.8(Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3-5.2 BaTiO3 (BNKB) exhibits high depolarization temperature Td of 195??C; however, its properties are far from satisfactory for practical application and need to be improved. The experiments show that the addition of MnCO3 reduces the tetragonality c/a and increases the cell volume. In addition, it revealed that the suitable addition of MnCO3 promotes the sintering and increases the densities of BNKB ceramics. The addition of MnCO3 also enhances the relaxor behavior of BNKB ceramics due to the reconstruct of the disorder arrays. Due to the effect of the crystal lattice, grain growth, and relaxor behavior, the optimal electric properties were realized at MnCO3 addition x of 0.16: the dielectric permittivity ??r = 1047, dielectric dissipation tan?? = 0.022, piezoelectric strain d33 = 140 pC/N, mechanical coupling kp = 0.18, mechanical quality Qm = 89 while the depolarization temperature Td stays relatively high at 175??C. The effect and mechanism of Mn doping on the electrical properties were discussed in detail.

Published in:

Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 5 )

Date of Publication:

May 2009

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