Nanostructures including nanohole and metal dot arrays were fabricated by hybrid processes combing self-assembled diblock copolymer and conventional semiconductor processes. The interfacial energy between polystyrene-b-polymethylmetacrylate (PS-b-PMMA) diblock copolymer and substrate surface was controlled by employing a self-assembled monolayer (SAM), resulting in a polymer template with well-ordered cylindrical nanohole array. The nanohole sizes were controlled within 10 to 22 nm in diameter using block copolymers with different molecular weights. The PS nanotemplates were fabricated on various substrates, including oxides, nitrides, and poly-Si. Nanohole pattern was transferred by dry etching process, producing inorganic nanohole templates. Also, gold nanodot arrays with diameter smaller than 10 nm were fabricated through lift off process.