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Nanoseconds field emitted current pulses from ZrC needles and field emitter arrays

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18 Author(s)
Ganter, R. ; Paul Scherrer Institute, WSLA-004, Villigen CH 5232, Switzerland ; Bakker, R.J. ; Betemps, R. ; Dehler, M.
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The properties of the electron source define the ultimate limit of the beam quality in linear accelerators such as free electron lasers (FELs). The goal is to develop an electron gun delivering beam emittance lower than the current state of the art. Such a gun should reduce the cost and size of an x-ray FEL (XFEL). In this article we present two concepts of field emitter cathodes which could potentially produce low emittance beam. The first challenging parameter for such cathode is to emit peak current as high as 5 A. This is the minimum current requirement for the XFEL concept from Paul Scherrer Institut ( Maximum currents of 0.12 and 0.58 A have been reached, respectively, with field emitter arrays and single needle cathodes. Laser assisted field emission gave encouraging results to reach even higher peak current and to prebunch the beam.

Published in:

Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures  (Volume:24 ,  Issue: 2 )

Date of Publication:

Mar 2006

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