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Effects of a nanocomposite carbon buffer layer on the field emission properties of multiwall carbon nanotubes and nanofibers grown by hot filament chemical vapor deposition

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5 Author(s)
Uppireddi, Kishore ; Department of Physics, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00931 ; Gonzalez-Berrios, Adolfo ; Piazza, Fabrice ; Weiner, Brad R.
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The electron field emission properties of multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) grown on sulfur-incorporated nanocomposite carbon (n-C:S) buffer layer were investigated. Both the MWCNTs and the n-C:S films were synthesized in a hot filament chemical vapor deposition system at relatively low methane concentrations. The n-C:S buffer layer provides good contact and adhesion to the Mo substrate and good contact and interface to the MWCNTs. The presence of this buffer layer was shown to improve the reproducibility and stability of the field emission behavior of MWCNTs. The turn-on field (EC) varies as much as 1.1 Vm after high current density operation when there is no buffer layer, but variations up to only 0.3 Vm are observed when the buffer layer is present. These results are interpreted in terms of the n-C:S buffer layer role, providing good adhesion and contact to the substrate side and to the MWCNTs, hence ensuring a high density of continuous paths for electrons from the substrate to the MWCNTs.

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Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures  (Volume:24 ,  Issue: 2 )