Skip to Main Content
Your organization might have access to this article on the publisher's site. To check, click on this link:http://dx.doi.org/+10.1116/1.1409381
Membrane masks are needed for charged particle lithography and can include both stencil masks and masks with thin continuous membranes. Producing accurate image placement on membrane masks requires careful control of mask shape, pattern writing, and stress control of the mask materials. Pattern density and pattern density gradients also affect image placement (IP) control. This article discusses IP distortions on electron projection lithography masks caused by patterning the imaging layers with low and high density patterns and patterns with large gradients in the density. The process-induced distortion has been found to be largest with the largest vector distortion at the boundary when high pattern density gradients are present. The anisotropic stiffness of the unit cell also affects the process-induced distortion. Qualitatively, the results between continuous membrane and stencil masks show similar characters. The results provide distortion information that could be used to determine the maximum allowable membrane stress (for stencil masks) and scatterer layer stress (for continuous membrane masks) to meet necessary mask production targets. © 2001 American Vacuum Society.
Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures (Volume:19 , Issue: 6 )
Date of Publication: Nov 2001