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Wideband and Isotropic Room Acoustics Simulation Using 2-D Interpolated FDTD Schemes

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2 Author(s)
Kowalczyk, K. ; Sch. of Electron., Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Queen''s Univ., Belfast, UK ; van Walstijn, M.

In this paper, a complete method for finite-difference time-domain modeling of rooms in 2-D using compact explicit schemes is presented. A family of interpolated schemes using a rectilinear, nonstaggered grid is reviewed, and the most accurate and isotropic schemes are identified. Frequency-dependent boundaries are modeled using a digital impedance filter formulation that is consistent with locally reacting surface theory. A structurally stable and efficient boundary formulation is constructed by carefully combining the boundary condition with the interpolated scheme. An analytic prediction formula for the effective numerical reflectance is given, and a stability proof provided. The results indicate that the identified accurate and isotropic schemes are also very accurate in terms of numerical boundary reflectance, and outperform directly related methods such as Yee's scheme and the standard digital waveguide mesh. In addition, one particular scheme-referred to here as the interpolated wideband scheme-is suggested as the best scheme for most applications.

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Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 1 )