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Order-Preserving Moves for Graph-Cut-Based Optimization

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3 Author(s)
Xiaoqing Liu ; UtopiaCompression Corp., Los Angeles, CA, USA ; Veksler, O. ; Samarabandu, J.

In the last decade, graph-cut optimization has been popular for a variety of labeling problems. Typically, graph-cut methods are used to incorporate smoothness constraints on a labeling, encouraging most nearby pixels to have equal or similar labels. In addition to smoothness, ordering constraints on labels are also useful. For example, in object segmentation, a pixel with a “car wheel” label may be prohibited above a pixel with a “car roof” label. We observe that the commonly used graph-cut alpha-expansion move algorithm is more likely to get stuck in a local minimum when ordering constraints are used. For a certain model with ordering constraints, we develop new graph-cut moves which we call order-preserving. The advantage of order-preserving moves is that they act on all labels simultaneously, unlike alpha-expansion. More importantly, for most labels alpha, the set of alpha-expansion moves is strictly smaller than the set of order-preserving moves. This helps to explain why in practice optimization with order-preserving moves performs significantly better than alpha-expansion in the presence of ordering constraints. We evaluate order-preserving moves for the geometric class scene labeling (introduced by Hoiem et al.) where the goal is to assign each pixel a label such as “sky,” “ground,” etc., so ordering constraints arise naturally. In addition, we use order-preserving moves for certain simple shape priors in graph-cut segmentation, which is a novel contribution in itself.

Published in:

Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:32 ,  Issue: 7 )