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Adaptive Physical Carrier Sense in Topology-Controlled Wireless Networks

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3 Author(s)
Kyung-Joon Park ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA ; LaeYoung Kim ; Hou, J.C.

Transmit power and carrier sense threshold are key MAC/PHY parameters in carrier sense multiple access (CSMA) wireless networks. Transmit power control has been extensively studied in the context of topology control. However, the effect of carrier sense threshold on topology control has not been properly investigated in spite of its crucial role. Our key motivation is that the performance of a topology-controlled network may become worse than that of a network without any topology control unless carrier sense threshold is properly chosen. In order to remedy this deficiency of conventional topology control, we present a framework on how to incorporate physical carrier sense into topology control. We identify that joint control of transmit power and carrier sense threshold can be efficiently divided into topology control and carrier sense adaptation. We devise a distributed carrier sense update algorithm (DCUA), by which each node drives its carrier sense threshold toward a desirable operating point in a fully distributed manner. We derive a sufficient condition for the convergence of DCUA. To demonstrate the utility of integrating physical carrier sense into topology control, we equip a localized topology control algorithm, LMST, with the capability of DCUA. Simulation studies show that LMST-DCUA significantly outperforms LMST and the standard CSMA protocol.

Published in:

Mobile Computing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

Jan. 2010

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