Cart (Loading....) | Create Account
Close category search window
 

Modeling and experimental verification of illumination and diffraction effects on image quality in x‐ray lithography

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $31
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

6 Author(s)
Hector, Scott D. ; Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 ; Schattenburg, M.L. ; Anderson, E.H. ; Chu, W.
more authors

Your organization might have access to this article on the publisher's site. To check, click on this link:http://dx.doi.org/+10.1116/1.585904 

Most analyses of the effects of diffraction and source coherence on image quality in proximity x‐ray lithography have used Kirchhoff boundary conditions and scalar diffraction theory. In this article we treat the x‐ray absorber as a lossy dielectric and employ the vector form of Maxwell’s equations to calculate image intensity as a function of position for lines, spaces, and gratings, at 100 nm linewidths and below. We show that vector and scalar theories give different results. Simulations are done for two point sources (CuL and an Fe‐plasma) so that calculations could be compared with our experimental results. Agreement was excellent for 80 and 50 nm features at relatively large gaps. We define image contrast and show that, contrary to common intuition, it is enhanced (and spurious ringing is suppressed) as penumbral blurring is increased, reaching a maximum when the extent of blurring is somewhat larger than the minimum feature size.

Published in:

Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures  (Volume:10 ,  Issue: 6 )

Date of Publication:

Nov 1992

Need Help?


IEEE Advancing Technology for Humanity About IEEE Xplore | Contact | Help | Terms of Use | Nondiscrimination Policy | Site Map | Privacy & Opting Out of Cookies

A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest professional association for the advancement of technology.
© Copyright 2014 IEEE - All rights reserved. Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions.