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Structurally random matrices (SRM) are first proposed in as fast and highly efficient measurement operators for large scale compressed sensing applications. Motivated by the bridge between compressed sensing and the Johnson-Lindenstrauss lemma, this paper introduces a related application of SRMs regarding to realizing a fast and highly efficient embedding. In particular, it shows that a SRM is also a promising dimensionality reduction transform that preserves all pairwise distances of high dimensional vectors within an arbitrarily small factor epsi, provided that the projection dimension is on the order of O(epsi-2 log3 N), where N denotes the number of d-dimensional vectors. In other words, SRM can be viewed as the sub-optimal Johnson-Lindenstrauss embedding that, however, owns very low computational complexity O(d log d) and highly efficient implementation that uses only O(d) random bits, making it a promising candidate for practical, large scale applications where efficiency and speed of computation are highly critical.
Date of Conference: 19-24 April 2009