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Low power embedded speech recognition system based on a MCU and a coprocessor

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3 Author(s)
Peng Li ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Univ. of Minnesota, Duluth, MN ; Hua Tang ; Weiqian Liang

In speech recognition systems, CHMM (Continuous Hidden Markov Model) based speech recognition algorithms have the best accuracy but with the most computational cost. Neither General Purpose Processor (GPP) nor dedicated hardware implementation is a good solution for the algorithm, due to high power consumption for the former and lack of flexibility for the later. To reduce power consumption and enhance flexibility, this paper presents a speech recognition system composed of a coprocessor and a MCU. The coprocessor is a dedicated hardware design for Output Probability Calculation (OPC), which is the most computation-intensive part in CHMM, and MCU is a 32 bit RISC (ARM). Tested with a 358-state 3-mixture 27-feature 800-word HMM, MCU operates at 40 MHz and coprocessor operates at 10 MHz to meet real-time requirement. The power consumption of MCU is 10 mW, and coprocessor 1.8 mW.

Published in:

Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, 2009. ICASSP 2009. IEEE International Conference on

Date of Conference:

19-24 April 2009