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Damping Constants for Permalloy Single-Crystal Thin Films

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8 Author(s)

Angular dependence of Gilbert's damping constant alpha for Ni-Fe(001) single-crystal thin films were investigated by employing Q-band (35 GHz) and X-band (9 GHz) ferromagnetic resonance analysis in terms of the specimen's crystal structure. The alpha for 10-nm-thick specimen had constant values of 0.006, which were estimated by the Q-band ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) spectra, when the spectra were measured with changing external field directions in the film plane and out of plane. The alpha for the Ni-Fe specimens did not depend on the crystal directions. The alpha values estimated by X-band FMR spectra were in good agreement with those by Q-band FMR spectra, when the magnetization of the specimens was saturated at the X-band resonance field. The alpha values were overestimated, when the magnetization was not saturated and the specimens had multidomain structures at the resonance field.

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Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 6 )