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The three kinds of double-barrier magnetic tunnel junction (DMTJ) with or without amorphous ferromagnetic Co70.5Fe4.5Si15B10 (in at. %) free-layer were investigated to understand the effect of the free-layer on the bias voltage dependence of tunneling magnetoresistance (TMR) ratio. The DMTJ structure consisted of Ta 45/Ru 9.5/IrMn 10/CoFe 7/AlOx/free-layer 7/AlOx/CoFe 7/IrMn 10/Ru 60 (thickness in nm). Various free layers, such as CoFe 7, CoFeSiB 7, and CoFe 1.5/CoFeSiB 4/CoFe 1.5 were prepared and compared. The roughness values of the interface between free-layer and tunnel barrier were confirmed by using the techniques of X-ray reflectivity and transmission electron microscopy. As a result, the amorphous free-layer made the interface roughness of DMTJ smoother, reducing the interlayer coupling field and suppressing the bias voltage dependence of TMR ratio at a given voltage.
Date of Publication: June 2009