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Magnetic Refrigeration Properties of {\hbox {La}}_{0.8}\hbox {Ca}_{0.2}\hbox {Mn}_{0.99}{^{57}\hbox {Fe}_{0.01}}\hbox {O}_{3}

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5 Author(s)
Sun Chun Hong ; Dept. of Phys., Kookmin Univ., Seoul ; Sam Jin Kim ; Eun Joo Hahn ; Seung-Iel Park
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The La0.8Ca0.2Mn0.99 57Fe0.01O3 sample was prepared by sol-gel method. The crystallographic and magnetic properties of La0.8Ca0.2Mn0.99 57Fe0.01O3 have been studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and Mossbauer spectroscopy measurements. The crystal structure of La0.8Ca0.2Mn0.99 57Fe0.01O3 was found to be orthorhombic (Pnma) structure with lattice constants ao=5.486 Aring, bo=7.761Aring, and co=5.510 Aring at room temperature. The Curie temperature (Tc) is determined to be 160 K by zero field cooled (ZFC) magnetization curve under 5 kOe applied field. The maximum value of magnetic entropy changes, |DeltaSM| is 1.25 J/kgldrK at 157 K under 13 kOe applied field. Mossbauer spectrum at 4.2 K was fitted with two independent magnetic components of the magnetic hyperfine fields Hf,1=526 kOe and Hf,2=501 kOe. Mossbauer spectra show that the two well-resolved sextets show nearly equal intensities between them without any external fields. This unusual phenomenon provides direct evidence of the two-phase character of the metallic state in the mixed valence state of La0.8Ca0.2Mn0.99 57Fe0.01O3 powder.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Magnetics  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 6 )