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New large-deviations results that characterize the asymptotic information rates for general d-dimensional (d -D) stationary Gaussian fields are obtained. By applying the general results to sensor nodes on a two-dimensional (2-D) lattice, the asymptotic behavior of ad hoc sensor networks deployed over correlated random fields for statistical inference is investigated. Under a 2-D hidden Gauss-Markov random field model with symmetric first-order conditional autoregression and the assumption of no in-network data fusion, the behavior of the total obtainable information [nats] and energy efficiency [nats/J] defined as the ratio of total gathered information to the required energy is obtained as the coverage area, node density, and energy vary. When the sensor node density is fixed, the energy efficiency decreases to zero with rate Theta(area-1/2 ) and the per-node information under fixed per-node energy also diminishes to zero with rate O(Nt -1/3) as the number Nt of network nodes increases by increasing the coverage area. As the sensor spacing dn increases, the per-node information converges to its limit D with rate D-radic(dn)e-alphadn for a given diffusion rate alpha. When the coverage area is fixed and the node density increases, the per-node information is inversely proportional to the node density. As the total energy Et consumed in the network increases, the total information obtainable from the network is given by O(logEt ) for the fixed node density and fixed coverage case and by Theta(Et 2/3 ) for the fixed per-node sensing energy and fixed density and increasing coverage case.
Date of Publication: June 2009