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Network Beamforming Using Relays With Perfect Channel Information

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2 Author(s)
Yindi Jing ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, AB ; Jafarkhani, Hamid

This paper deals with beamforming in wireless relay networks with perfect channel information at the relays, receiver, and transmitter if there is a direct link between the transmitter and receiver. It is assumed that every node in the network has its own power constraint. A two-step amplify-and-forward protocol is used, in which the transmitter and relays not only use match filters to form a beam at the receiver but also adaptively adjust their transmit powers according to the channel strength information. For networks with no direct link, an algorithm is proposed to analytically find the exact solution with linear (in network size) complexity. It is shown that the transmitter should always use its maximal power while the optimal power of a relay ca.n take any value between zero and its maxima. Also, this value depends on the quality of all other channels in addition to the relay's own. Despite this coupling fact, distributive strategies are proposed in which, with the aid of a low-rate receiver broadcast, a relay needs only its own channel information to implement the optimal power control. Then, beamforming in networks with a direct link is considered. When the direct link exists during the first step only, the optimal power control is the same as that of networks with no direct link. For networks with a direct link during the second step only and both steps, recursive numerical algorithms are proposed. Simulation shows that network beamforming achieves the maximal diversity order and outperforms other existing schemes.

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Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 6 )