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This paper analyzes a high-frequency (HF) voltage-injection-based rotor winding temperature estimation method for current-regulated squirrel-cage induction motors (IMs). We develop a theoretical HF model of the rotor bar and then first provide an analysis of relevant HF model-based estimation aspects, such as the dependence of the rotor leakage inductance on the temperature and the relationship between the rotor resistance and rotor leakage inductance. We also include an analysis of magnetic saturation to improve the estimation accuracy, as well as an analysis of the phase delay effect resulting from the drive that significantly affects the HF signal precision. Then, a specialized offline commissioning scheme is proposed to compensate for the effect of the phase delay and magnetic saturation. The estimation technique and sensitivity analysis are verified by means of experiments performed on an inverter-fed 1.5-kW IM.