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This paper focuses on designing a multimodel linear quadratic (LQ) controller for variable-speed horizontal axis wind turbines. Those turbines use blade-pitch and electromagnetic torque control to meet specified objectives for three regions of operation. We aim in this paper to use the blade-pitch control in the high wind speed operating zone. The controller is then designed in order to optimize a trade-off between two main control objectives which are alleviation of drive train dynamic loads and maximization of energy efficiency. It's thereafter implemented for a deloaded operation to provide an additional operating reserve necessary to increase the effective participation of the wind turbines in the system frequency regulation. A 2MW wind turbine is considered to illustrate the good performances brought by the proposed approach by presenting and discussing the simulation results.
Date of Conference: 23-26 March 2009