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Evaluation of iron-cobalt/ferrite core-shell nanoparticles for cancer thermotherapy

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5 Author(s)
Habib, A.H. ; Materials Science and Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA ; Ondeck, C.L. ; Chaudhary, P. ; Bockstaller, M.R.
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Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) offer promise for local hyperthermia or thermoablative cancer therapy. Magnetic hyperthermia uses MNPs to heat cancerous regions in an rf field. Metallic MNPs have larger magnetic moments than iron oxides, allowing similar heating at lower concentrations. By tuning the magnetic anisotropy in alloys, the heating rate at a particular particle size can be optimized. Fe–Co core-shell MNPs have protective CoFe2O4 shell which prevents oxidation. The oxide coating also aids in functionalization and improves biocompatibility of the MNPs. We predict the specific loss power (SLP) for FeCo (SLP ∼450 W/g) at biocompatible fields to be significantly larger in comparision to oxide materials. The anisotropy of Fe-Co MNPs may be tuned by composition and/or shape variation to achieve the maximum SLP at a desired particle size.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:103 ,  Issue: 7 )

Date of Publication:

Apr 2008

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