Skip to Main Content
Your organization might have access to this article on the publisher's site. To check, click on this link:http://dx.doi.org/+10.1063/1.2938844
Dry sliding contact between metallic surfaces is often associated with high surface temperatures due to frictional heating and adhesive wear, resulting in high friction and severe surface damage. In the present research, the dependence of adhesive forces on temperature, for commercial low-alloyed steel, stainless steel, and pure titanium, was investigated in ultrahigh vacuum at elevated temperatures using atomic force microscopy. It was found that adhesive forces increased as the temperature increased. Room-temperature values of adhesive forces decreased in the order Ti, stainless steel, and low-alloyed steel, which agreed with the values of the electron work function measured by a Kelvin probe. The findings correlate well with results observed for the same materials using conventional macroscopic tribotesters.