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Dependence of high order harmonics intensity on laser focal spot position in preformed plasma plumes

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6 Author(s)
Singhal, H. ; Laser Plasma Division, Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore 452 013, India ; Ganeev, R. ; Naik, P.A. ; Arora, V.
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The dependence of the high-order harmonic intensity on the laser focal spot position in laser produced plasma plumes is experimentally studied. High order harmonics up to the 59th order (λ∼13.5 nm) were generated by focusing 48 fs laser pulses from a Ti:sapphire laser system in silver plasma plume produced using 300 ps uncompressed laser radiation as the prepulse. The intensity of harmonics nearly vanished when the best focus was located in the plume center, whereas it peaked on either side with unequal intensity. The focal spot position corresponding to the peak harmonic intensity moved away from the plume center for higher order harmonics. The results are explained in terms of the variation of phase mismatch between the driving laser beam and harmonics radiation produced, relativistic drift of electrons, and defocusing effect due to radial ionization gradient in the plasma for different focal spot positions.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:103 ,  Issue: 1 )