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Effect of Li2CO3 addition on the dielectric and piezoelectric responses in the low-temperature sintered 0.5PZN–0.5PZT systems

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5 Author(s)
Hou, Yu-Dong ; Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100022, China ; Chang, Li-Min ; Zhu, Man-Kang ; Song, Xue-Mei
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Low-temperature sintering of 0.5Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3–0.5Pb(Zr0.47Ti0.53)O3 ceramics (0.5PZN–0.5PZT) was investigated using Li2CO3 as sintering aids. The addition of Li2CO3 significantly improved the sinterability of 0.5PZN–0.5PZT ceramics, resulting in a reduction of sintering temperature from 1100 to 950 °C. Moreover, the effect of Li2CO3 addition on the dielectric and piezoelectric responses in 0.5PZN–0.5PZT systems was systematically studied in this work. The analysis of x-ray diffraction patterns and scanning electron microscopy indicated that the solubility limit of Li ions in perovskite structures was near 0.5 wt % in Li2CO3 form. Below the solubility limit, Li+ ions entered the six-fold coordinated B sites of oxygenic octahedral center and enhanced the compositional fluctuation in nanoscale, resulting in the increase of the degree of diffuseness γ. While at high doping level above the solubility limit, γ decreased subsequently, which was attributed to the formation of pyrochlore phase. Raman analysis on the B-site cation order correlates well with the dielectric measurement results. The large improvements in the piezoelectric properti- es such as the coupling factor and piezoelectric constant were also observed for doped specimens. Optimized parameters, such as d33=278 pC/N, kp=0.50, and εmax=8800, were achieved by doping 0.5 wt % Li2CO3 in low-temperature sintered 0.5PZN–0.5PZT systems, which shows great promise as practical materials for multilayered piezoelectric device applications. The observed improvement in the electric properties can be attributed to the grain size effect. After doping, the clamping effect caused by oxygen vacancies and grain boundary phases on domain wall motion was largely reduced due to the increase of grain size; therefore, a significant reduced coercive field and an increased remanent polarization were observed in doped 0.5PZN–0.5PZT systems.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:102 ,  Issue: 8 )

Date of Publication:

Oct 2007

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