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Spectroscopic characterization of femtosecond laser filament in argon gas

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6 Author(s)
Liu, W. ; Institute of Modern Optics, Nankai University, Key Laboratory of Opto-electronic Information Science and Technology, Education Ministry of China, Tianjin 300071, China ; Bernhardt, J. ; Theberge, F. ; Chin, S.L.
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We report a spectroscopic approach to measure the plasma density and electron temperature inside a filament created by an intense femtosecond laser pulse in atmospheric pressure argon gas. The technique relies on the proportionality between the Stark broadened argon fluorescence line width due to electron impact and the plasma density, while the electron temperature is determined from the well known Boltzmann plot. The obtained maximum plasma density is about 5.5×1016 cm-3, and the electron temperature is about 5800 K. Our method provides a promising and convenient way to characterize the filament for further understanding the fundamental physics and potential applications of filamentation.

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Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:102 ,  Issue: 3 )