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Atomic layer deposited TaCy metal gates: Impact on microstructure, electrical properties, and work function on HfO2 high-k dielectrics

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7 Author(s)
Triyoso, D.H. ; Freescale Semiconductor Inc., 3501 Ed Bluestein Blvd., Austin, Texas 78721, USA ; Gregory, R. ; Schaeffer, J.K. ; Werho, D.
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TaCy has been reported to have the appropriate work function for negative metal-oxide semiconductor metal in high-k metal-oxide field-effect transistors. As device size continues to shrink, a conformal deposition for metal gate electrodes is needed. In this work, we report on the development and characterization of a novel TaCy process by atomic layer deposition (ALD). Detailed physical properties of TaCy films are studied using ellipsometry, a four-point probe, Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS), x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and x-ray diffraction (XRD). RBS and XPS analysis indicate that TaCy films are near-stoichiometric, nitrogen free, and have low oxygen impurities. Powder XRD spectra showed that ALD films have a cubic microstructure. XPS carbon bonding studies revealed that little or no glassy carbon is present in the bulk of the film. Excellent electrical properties are obtained using ALD TaCy as a metal gate electrode. Well-behaved capacitance-voltage characteristics with ALD HfO2 gate dielectrics are demonstrated for TaCy thicknesses of 50, 100, and 250 Å. A low fixed charge (∼2–4×10-11 cm-2) is observed for all ALD HfO2/ALD TaCy devices. Increasing the thickness of ALD TaCy results in a decrease in work function (4.77 to 4.54 eV) and lower threshold voltages.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:102 ,  Issue: 10 )

Date of Publication:

Nov 2007

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