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Size dependent magnetic properties and cation inversion in chemically synthesized MnFe2O4 nanoparticles

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9 Author(s)
Chinnasamy, C.N. ; Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115 ; Yang, Aria ; Yoon, S.D. ; Hsu, Kailin
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MnFe2O4 nanoparticles with diameters ranging from about 4 to 50 nm were synthesized using a modified coprecipitation method. X-ray diffractograms revealed a pure phase spinel ferrite structure for all samples. Transmission electron microscopy showed that the particles consist of a mixture of both spherical (smaller) and cubic (larger) particles dictated by the reaction kinetics. The Néel temperatures (TN) of MnFe2O4 for various particle sizes were determined by using high temperature magnetometry. The ∼4 nm MnFe2O4 particles showed a TN of about 320 °C whereas the ∼50 nm particles had a TN of about 400 °C. The high Néel temperature, compared with the bulk MnFe2O4 TN of 300 °C, is due to a change in cation distribution between the tetrahedral and octahedral sites of the spinel lattice. Results of extended x-ray absorption fine structure measurements indicate a systematic change in the cation distribution dependent on processing conditions.

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Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:101 ,  Issue: 9 )