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Analysis of semiconductor laser dynamics under gigabit rate modulation

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3 Author(s)
Ahmed, Moustafa ; Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Minia University, 61519 El-Minia, Egypt ; Yamada, M. ; Mahmoud, S.W.Z.

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A theoretical study of the dynamics of semiconductor lasers subjected to pseudorandom digital modulation at gigabit rates is presented. The eye diagram, turn-on jitter (TOJ), and power fluctuations in the modulated laser wave form are analyzed. The study is based on numerical large-signal analysis of the laser rate equations. Influences of the biasing and modulation currents on the eye diagram and TOJ are examined. The degree of eye opening is measured in terms of a Q factor of the laser signal analogous to the Q factor determining the bit-error rate in transmission systems. Influence of optimizing both the sampling and decision times on the signal Q factor is modeled. We show that the most eye opening corresponds to shortening the sampling time associated with lengthening the decision time. We also assess the relative contributions of the laser intrinsic noise and pseudorandom bit pattern to the TOJ. The results show that the bit pattern is the major contributor to the TOJ when the setting time of the relaxation oscillation is longer than the bit slot.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:101 ,  Issue: 3 )