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Structural and electrical characterization of xBiScO3–(1-x)BaTiO3 thin films

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2 Author(s)
Tinberg, Daniel S. ; Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 and Materials Research Institute, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 ; Trolier-McKinstry, Susan

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Using a tolerance factor approach, it was predicted that xBiScO3–(1-x)BaTiO3 will have a morphotropic phase boundary that should enhance both the polarizability and permittivity, relative to the BiScO3 end member, near a composition of x=0.4. To verify this prediction, pulsed laser deposition was used to grow xBiScO3–(1-x)BaTiO3 thin films on (100) SrRuO3/LaAlO3 and Pt-coated Si substrates. Typical growth conditions were 700 °C and 100 mTorr O2/O3. The perovskite structure was found to be stable for compositions of x=0.2–0.6 in epitaxial films, with reduced stability in polycrystalline films. The temperature where the maximum permittivity occurs rises as BiScO3 is added to BaTiO3, and increasingly relaxorlike behavior is observed with increasing BiScO3 content. Room temperature permittivity values ranged from 200 to 400, with loss tangents of ∼0.1 at 10 kHz. The experimental morphotropic phase boundary occurs near x=0.4. 0.4BiScO3–0.6BaTiO3 showed a broad permittivity maximum near 800 from 150–275 °C. Films with x=0.4 show a coercive field of about 200 kV/cm with a modest room temperature remanent polarization near 8 μC/cm2. The films exhibit a dielectric tunability of greater than 25% at fields of ∼500 kV/cm. The combination of high polarizability and high transition temperature makes this family an interesting base composition for lead-free piezoelectrics, especially if the degree of relaxor character could be reduced.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:101 ,  Issue: 2 )

Date of Publication:

Jan 2007
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