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Structural, electrical, and optical characterizations of epitaxial Zn1-xGaxO films grown on sapphire (0001) substrate

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2 Author(s)
Snure, M. ; Nanostructured Materials Research Laboratory, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112 ; Tiwari, Ashutosh

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In this paper we report the structural, electrical, and optical properties of epitaxial Zn1-xGaxO films (x=0–0.05) grown on single crystal sapphire (0001) substrate by pulsed laser deposition technique. Structural and elemental analysis was performed using high-resolution x-ray diffraction (θ-2θ and Φ scan) and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy. Temperature dependent electrical resistivity and thermoelectric power measurements were performed over the temperature range of 77–300 K and 296–373 K, respectively. Hall effect and optical transmission measurements were preformed at room temperature. All these studies showed that the structural, electrical as well as the optical characteristics of Zn1-xGaxO films depend very sensitively on the Ga contents. As the Ga doping concentration is increased, initially an increase in carrier concentration and optical band gap is observed (until x=0.04), which is followed by a decrease at higher concentrations. These features were attributed to the combined effect of band filling (Burstein-Moss effect), electronic correlation, and epitaxial strain present in the system. Above parameters also affected the electrical properties of the films quite significantly. Zn1-xGaxO films with 1% of Ga doping (x=0.01) showed metal-like electrical resistivity. However, for higher doping levels, enhanced scattering potential, arising from randomly distributed impurity atoms, resulted in the Anderson localization of electronic states.

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Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:101 ,  Issue: 12 )