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Influence of electron-beam and ultraviolet treatments on low-k porous dielectrics

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6 Author(s)
Martinez, E. ; CEA-LETI, MINATEC, 17 Rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble Cedex 09, France ; Rochat, N. ; Guedj, C. ; Licitra, C.
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The down scaling of complementary metal oxide semiconductor transistors requires materials such as porous low-k dielectrics for advanced interconnects to reduce resistance-capacitance delay. After the deposition of the matrix and a sacrificial organic phase (porogen), postcuring treatments may be used to create porosity by evaporation of the porogen. In this paper, Auger electron spectroscopy is performed to simultaneously modify the material (e-beam cure) and measure the corresponding changes in structure and chemical composition. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy measurements in attenuated total reflection mode confirm the Auger results. The porogen removal and matrix cross-linking result in the formation of a Si–O–Si network under e-beam or ultra violet cure. The possible degradation of these materials, even after cure, is mainly due the presence of Si–C bonds.

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Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:100 ,  Issue: 12 )