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Adaptive Predistortion With Direct Learning Based on Piecewise Linear Approximation of Amplifier Nonlinearity

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3 Author(s)
Sungho Choi ; Sch. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Korea Adv. Inst. of Sci. & Technol., Daejeon ; Eui-Rim Jeong ; Lee, Yong H.

We propose an efficient Wiener model for a power amplifier (PA) and develop a direct learning predistorter (PD) based on the model. The Wiener model is formed by a linear filter and a memoryless nonlinearity in which AM/AM and AM/PM characteristics are approximated as piecewise linear and piecewise constant functions, respectively. A two-step identification scheme, wherein the linear portion is estimated first and the nonlinear portion is then identified, is developed. The PD is modeled by a polynomial and its coefficients are directly updated using a recursive least squares (RLS) algorithm. To avoid implementing the inverse of the PA's linear portion, the cost function for the RLS algorithm is defined as the sum of differences between the output of the PA's linear portion and the inverse of the PA's nonlinear portion. The proposed direct learning scheme, which is referred to as the piecewise RLS (PWRLS) algorithm, is simpler to implement, yet exhibits comparable performance, as compared with existing direct learning schemes.

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Selected Topics in Signal Processing, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 3 )