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The identification of primary networks improves efficiency in dynamic spectrum access. We propose a spatial diversity signature for the primary signal detection, which exploits the structure of space-time or space-frequency codeword based on Alamouti scheme. The signature pattern informs the secondary user which network transmits the primary signal and enables to maintain an experiential database for each primary network. The proposed scheme provides reliable detection and network identification performance over frequency-selective fading channels in low signal-to-noise ratio regimes, without sacrificing the data rate of primary system.
Date of Publication: May 2009