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RFID Coverage Extension Using Microstrip-Patch Antenna Array [Wireless Corner]

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2 Author(s)
Abbak, M. ; Dept. of Electron. Eng., Sabanci Univ., Istanbul ; Tekin, I.

In this paper, a UHF-band 2 times 2 microstrip phased-array antenna is designed and implemented to extend the coverage of an RFID reader system. The phased-array antenna has four microstrip-patch antennas, three Wilkinson power dividers, and a transmission-line phase shifter. These are printed on a dielectric substrate with a dielectric constant of 4.5. The array has dimensions of 34 cm times 45 cm, operating at a frequency of 867 MHz, as specified in RFID Gen2 protocol European standards. The phased-array antenna has a measured directivity of 12.1 dB, and the main-beam direction can be steered to angles of plusmn 40deg, with a HPBW of 90deg. The phased-array antenna is used as the receiving antenna in a commercial reader system. Experimental results indicate that the coverage of the RFID system with the phased-array antenna is superior to the coverage with a conventional broader-beamwidth microstrip-patch antenna. The proposed system can also be used for a wireless positioning system.

Published in:

Antennas and Propagation Magazine, IEEE  (Volume:51 ,  Issue: 1 )