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Since almost all the electronic and mechanical requirements for an atomic force microscope (AFM) are the same as for a scanning tunneling microscope (STM), it is convenient and practical to build a combination AFM/STM with interchangeable heads. The conversion from one to the other can be made in a few minutes. Representative images demonstrate that atomic resolution can be obtained in both modes of operation. With the two modes of operation, it can image conductors, semiconductors, and insulators.
Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films (Volume:6 , Issue: 3 )
Date of Publication: May 1988