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Hardware–Software Codesign of Automatic Speech Recognition System for Embedded Real-Time Applications

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3 Author(s)
Cheng, O. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Engi neering, Univ. of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand ; Abdulla, W. ; Salcic, Z.

We present a hardware-software coprocessing speech recognizer for real-time embedded applications. The system consists of a standard microprocessor and a hardware accelerator for Gaussian mixture model (GMM) emission probability calculation implemented on a field-programmable gate array. The GMM accelerator is optimized for timing performance by exploiting data parallelism. In order to avoid large memory requirement, the accelerator adopts a double buffering scheme for accessing the acoustic parameters with no assumption made on the access pattern of these parameters. Experiments on widely used benchmark data show that the real-time factor of the proposed system is 0.62, which is about three times faster than the pure software-based baseline system, while the word accuracy rate is preserved at 93.33%. As a part of the recognizer, a new adaptive beam-pruning algorithm is also proposed and implemented, which further reduces the average real-time factor to 0.54 with the word accuracy rate of 93.16%. The proposed speech recognizer is suitable for integration in various types of voice (speech)-controlled applications.

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Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 3 )