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Busbarless emitter wrap-through solar cells and modules

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7 Author(s)
Peter Hacke ; Advent Solar, Inc., Albuquerque, NM, United States ; Brian Murphy ; David Meakin ; Jason Dominguez
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Back-contact crystalline-silicon photovoltaic solar cells and modules offer a number of advantages including the elimination of grid shadowing losses, reduced cost by use of thinner silicon substrates, simpler module assembly, and improved aesthetics. While the existing method for interconnecting and stringing edge-connected back contact cells is acceptably straight-forward and reliable, there are further gains to be exploited when you have both contact polarities on one side of the cell. In this work, we produce ‘busbarless’ emitter wrap-through (EWT) solar cells that use about 65% less gridline Ag metallization mass compared to the edge tab design. Further, series resistance power losses are reduced by extraction of current from more places on the cell rear leading to a fill factor improvement of about 6% (relative) on the module level. Series resistance and current-generation losses associated with large rear bondpads and bus bars are eliminated. Use of thin Si wafers is enabled because of the reduced Ag metallization mass and by interconnection with conductive adhesives leading to reduced bow. The busbarless cell design interconnected with conductive adhesives passes International Electrotechnical Commission damp heat and thermal cycling tests.

Published in:

Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 2008. PVSC '08. 33rd IEEE

Date of Conference:

11-16 May 2008