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Desorption species from fluorocarbon film by Ar+ ion beam bombardment

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2 Author(s)
Hayashi, M. ; Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd., Atsugi, Kanagawa 243-0197, Japan ; Karahashi, K.

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The species that are desorbed from fluorocarbon films by Ar+ ion bombardment were measured. In this study, we constructed a new apparatus in order to investigate desorption species from fluorocarbon films. The measured fluorocarbon films were deposited on a Si wafer by exposing it to a C2F6 plasma in an inductively coupled plasma reactor. The film characteristics were evaluated with x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The C(1s) peak measured in the deposited fluorocarbon films consisted of large chemically shifted peaks produced by C-F3 and C–F2 bonds as well as C–CFx bonds. The species desorbed by Ar+ ion beam bombardment at 1 and 3 keV on the films were detected using a quadrupole mass spectrometer (QMS). The ratios among CF, CF2, CF3, and CF4 species, which were measured with the appearance energies by QMS, indicate that CF4 is a dominant desorption species with the ratio of 80% among them at the beginning of bombardment at 3 keV and 65% at 1 keV. As the ion dose increased, the total amount of desorption species was reduced. XPS measurement indicated that the ion bombardment changed the characteristics of the fluorocarbon films from F-rich to C-rich. This implies that the species desorbed from fluorocarbon films during etching changed gradually.© 2000 American Vacuum Society.

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Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 4 )