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Exchange of private information over a public medium must incorporate a method for data protection against unauthorized access. Elliptic curve cryptography (ECC) has become widely accepted as an efficient mechanism to secure sensitive data. The main ECC computation is a scalar multiplication, translating into an appropriate sequence of point operations, each involving several modular arithmetic operations. We describe a flexible hardware processor for performing computationally expensive modular addition, subtraction, multiplication, and inversion over prime finite fields GF(p) . The proposed processor supports all five primes p recommended by NIST, whose sizes are 192, 224, 256, 384, and 521 bits. It can also be programmed to automatically execute sequences of modular arithmetic operations. Our field-programmable gate-array implementation runs at 60 MHz and takes between 4 and 40 ms (depending on the used prime) to perform a typical scalar multiplication.
Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:17 , Issue: 8 )
Date of Publication: Aug. 2009