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A novel prototype step and shoot x-ray system, the intelligent imaging system (I-Imas), has been developed in the UCL Radiation Physics laboratories. The system uses collimators to split the beam into two: the first, “scout” beam, strongly attenuated, identifies regions of interest in the image. This information is then fed back to the system so that the intensity of the second beam is modulated to optimize the dose distribution—i.e., “interesting” regions of the sample receive a higher dose, whereas other regions receive a lower one. Such systems may be capable of improved diagnostic capability at the same overall patient dose levels as typical when using large area digital plates. This acquisition mode means that large overall images are obtained by aligning many smaller images. This paper investigates the effects that this acquisition modality has on the overall spatial resolution of the system. We review different modulation transfer function (MTF) evaluation techniques and those shown to be optimal are used in the investigation of two considerations key to such a system: (i) whether there is a minimum size sensor whose MTF can accurately be determined using these techniques and (ii) whether the MTF of the large overall image differs significantly from those of the many constituent images. As the use of step and shoot systems is becoming more and more widespread, both are important considerations. We found that, for a fixed pixel pitch, the MTF is determined marginally less accurately the smaller the sensor area, with the perceived resolution varying by up to 0.1 lp/mm. It was also found that use of such a step and shoot technique does cause a very small overall degradation in resolution. The resolution of overall images was calculated to be 0.1 lp/mm lower than that of the individual images acquired.