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Design of stability-guaranteed fuzzy logic controller for nuclear steam generators

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2 Author(s)
Byung Hak Cho ; Dept. of Nucl. Eng., Korea Adv. Inst. of Sci. & Technol., Taejon ; Hee Cheon No

A fuzzy logic controller (FLC) and a fuzzy logic filter (FLF), which have a special type of fuzzifier, inference engine, and defuzzifier, are applied to the water level control of a nuclear steam generator (S/G). It is shown that arbitrary two-input, single-output linear controllers can be adequately expressed by this FLC. A procedure to construct stability-guaranteed FLC rules is proposed. It contains the following steps: 1) the stable sector of linear feedback gains is obtained from the suboptimal concept based on LQR theory and the Lyapunov's stability criteria: 2) the stable sector of linear gains is mapped into two linear rule tables that are used as limits for the FLC rules; and 3) the construction of an FLC rule table is done by choosing certain rules that lie between these limits. This type of FLC guarantees asymptotic stability of the control system. The FLF generates a feedforward signal of S/G feedwater from the steam flow measurement using a fuzzy concept. Through computer simulation, it is found that the FLC with the FLF works better than a well-tuned PID controller with variable gains to reduce swell/shrink phenomena, especially for the water level deviation and abrupt steam flow disturbances that are typical in the existing power plants

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 2 )