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Theoretical and experimental analysis of thermal stress effects on modal polarization properties of highly birefringent optical fibers

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5 Author(s)
Fontaine, Marie ; Univ. du Quebec a Hull, Que., Canada ; Wu, B. ; Tzolov, Velko P. ; Bock, W.J.
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A theoretical and experimental analysis of thermal stress effects on the modal polarization properties of highly elliptical-core fibers is presented. The theoretical analysis is based on solving the vectorial Maxwell's equations, using a finite-element scheme, when form-induced and stress-induced effects are introduced simultaneously through appropriate calculation of the refractive indexes of the anisotropic media. The experimental analysis is done by studying the temperature response of a white-light interferometric sensor employing highly elliptical-core fibers. The calculated temperature sensitivities of the modal birefringence and the polarization mode dispersion in highly elliptical-core fiber are in close agreement with the experimental results. Interpretation of the results useful for designing white-light interferometric sensors composed of highly elliptical-core fibers is also given

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Lightwave Technology, Journal of  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 4 )