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The EREC: an error-resilient technique for coding variable-length blocks of data

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2 Author(s)
Redmill, D.W. ; Centre for Commun. Res., Bristol Univ., UK ; Kingsbury, N.G.

Many source and data compression schemes work by splitting the input signal into blocks and producing variable-length coded data for each block. If these variable-length blocks are transmitted consecutively, then the resulting coder is highly sensitive to channel errors. Synchronization code words are often used to provide occasional resynchronization at the expense of some added redundant information. This paper introduces the error-resilient entropy code (EREC) as a method for adapting existing schemes to give increased resilience to random and burst errors while maintaining high compression. The EREC has been designed to exhibit graceful degradation with worsening channel conditions. The EREC is applicable to many problems and is particularly effective when the more important information is transmitted near the start of each variable-length block and is not dependent on following data. The EREC has been applied to both still image and video compression schemes, using the discrete cosine transform (DCT) and variable-length coding. The results have been compared to schemes using synchronization code words, and a large improvement in performance for noisy channels has been observed

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Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 4 )