By Topic

Aluminum-germanium-copper multilevel damascene process using low-temperature reflow sputtering and chemical mechanical polishing

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

5 Author(s)
Kikuta, K. ; ULSI Device Dev. Lab., NEC Corp., Sagamihara, Japan ; Hayashi, Y. ; Nakajima, T. ; Harashima, K.
more authors

A low-temperature multilevel aluminum-germanium-copper (Al-Ge-Cu) damascene technology was developed using reflow sputtering and chemical mechanical polishing (CMP). The maximum processing temperature for the fabrication of multilevel interconnections could be reduced to 420°C using Al-1%Ge-0.5%Cu, whereas the conventional reflow temperature was not less than 500°C. No degradation due to reflow heat cycles was observed in terms of Al-Ge-Cu wiring resistance. Electromigration test results indicated that the mean time to failure (MTTF) of Al-1%Ge-0.5%Cu was longer than 10 years at the operating condition, which was equivalent to that of Al-1%Si-0.5%Cu. The Al-1%Ge-0.5%Cu triple-level interconnection was fabricated using reflow sputtering to fill vias and wiring trenches and subsequent CMP for Al-Ge-Cu films

Published in:

Electron Devices, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 5 )