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Printed \lambda /8 -PIFA for Penta-Band WWAN Operation in the Mobile Phone

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2 Author(s)
Chih-Hua Chang ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Sun Yat-Sen Univ., Kaohsiung ; Kin-Lu Wong

A small-size printed planar inverted-F antenna (PIFA) operated at its one-eighth wavelength (lambda/8) mode as the fundamental resonant mode for achieving WWAN (wireless wide area network) operation in the mobile phone is presented. The proposed PIFA has a simple structure of comprising two radiating strips of length about lambda/8 at 900 MHz and is fed using a coupling feed. Compared to the traditional PIFA using a direct feed, the coupling feed greatly decreases the very large input impedance seen at the lambda/8 mode for the traditional PIFA and results in successful excitation of the lambda/8 mode for the proposed PIFA. Two lambda/8 modes are generated by the two radiating strips and occur at close frequencies at about 900 MHz to form a wide lower band to cover GSM850/900 operation. The two radiating strips also generate two higher-order modes or lambda/4 modes at about 1900 MHz to form a wide upper band for GSM1800/1900/UMTS operation. Penta-band WWAN operation is hence achieved, yet the proposed PIFA only occupies a small printed area of 15times31 mm2 or 465 mm2 on the system circuit board of the mobile phone, which is about the smallest for the internal uniplanar printed antenna capable of penta-band operation that have been reported. Details of the proposed PIFA are presented. The specific absorption rate (SAR) and hearing aid compatibility (HAC) results for the proposed PIFA are also analyzed.

Published in:

Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:57 ,  Issue: 5 )