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Transmission line distance relaying for flexible AC transmission lines (FACTS) including thyristor controlled series compensator (TCSC), STATCOM, SVC and unified power flow controller (UPFC) has been a very challenging task. A new approach for fault zone identification and fault classification for TCSC and UPFC line using decision tree (DT) is presented. One cycle post fault current and voltage samples from the fault inception are used as input vectors against target output dasia1psila for fault after TCSC/UPFC and dasia0psila for fault before TCSC/UPFC for fault zone identification. Similarly, the DT-based classification algorithm takes one cycle data from fault inception of three phase currents along with zero-sequence current and voltage, and constructs the optimal DT for classifying all ten types of shunt faults in the transmission line fault process. The algorithm is tested on simulated fault data with wide variations in operating parameters of the power system network including noisy environment. The results indicate that the proposed method can reliably identify the fault zone and classify faults in the FACTs-based transmission line in large power network.
Date of Publication: May 2009