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Computationally efficient soft-decision decoding of linear block codes based on ordered statistics

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2 Author(s)
M. P. C. Fossorier ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Hawaii Univ., Honolulu, HI, USA ; Shu Lin

Soft-decision decoding of a linear block code using the most reliable basis corresponding to each received word is investigated. Based either on probabilistic properties or on the structure of the code considered, three improvements to the algorithm devised by Fossorier and Lin (see ibid., vol.41, no.9, p.1379-1396, 1995) are presented. These modifications allow large computation savings or significant decoding speedup with little error performance degradation. First, a reduced probabilistic list of codeword candidates is associated with order-i reprocessing of a given code. It results in a large reduction of the maximum number of computations with a very small degradation in performance. Then, a probabilistic stopping criterion is introduced for order-0 reprocessing. This new test significantly decreases the average number of computations when appropriately implemented. Finally, the application of the algorithm to coset decoding is considered for |u|u+v| constructed codes. In addition to the conventional coset decoding, a new adaptive practically optimum coset decoding method is presented where at each reprocessing stage, the number of surviving cosets decreases. Suboptimum closest coset decoding is also investigated. It is shown that two-stage decoding with the algorithm of Fossorier and Lin offers a large variety of choices, since the reprocessing order of each stage can be determined independently

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Information Theory  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 3 )